What Are Anxiety Disorders?
Anxiety is a normal reaction to stress and can be beneficial in some situations. It can alert us to dangers and help us prepare and pay attention.
Anxiety disorders are a group of mental health problems. They include generalised anxiety disorders, social phobias, specific phobias (for example, agoraphobia and claustrophobia), and panic disorders. Depression is often related to anxiety disorders.
Anxiety disorders differ from
normal feelings of nervousness or anxiousness and involve excessive fear or anxiety. Anxiety disorders are the most common of mental disorders and affect nearly 30% of adults at some point in their lives and if not treated it becomes unmanageable .
But anxiety disorders are treatable and a number of effective treatments are available. Treatment helps most people lead normal productive lives.
Anxiety becomes a disorder when it’s irrational, excessive and when it interferes with a person’s ability to function in daily life.
Signs And Symptoms
The main features of an anxiety disorder are fears or thoughts that are chronic (constant) and distressing and that interfere with daily living. Other symptoms of an anxiety disorder may include:
- Panic or anxiety attacks or a fear of these attacks.
- Physical anxiety reactions – for example trembling, sweating, faintness, rapid heartbeat, difficulties breathing or nausea.
- Avoidance behaviour – a person may go to extreme lengths to avoid a situation that they think could bring on anxiety or panic.
There are several types of anxiety disorder like ,
Generalize Anxiety Disorder
Generalised anxiety is excessive anxiety and constant worry about many things. The focus of the anxiety might be family or friends, health, work, money or forgetting important appointments. A person may be diagnosed with a generalised anxiety disorder if:
- the anxiety and worry have been present most days over a 6-month period
the person finds it difficult to control their anxiety.
Panic or anxiety attacks are common. Panic disorders are less common, affecting about 2% of the population. For a person to be diagnosed with a panic disorder, they would usually have had at least four panic attacks each month over an extended period of time. Often panic attacks may not be related to a situation but come on spontaneously.
Panic disorder may be diagnosed if panic attacks are frequent and if there’s a strong and persistent fear of another attack occurring.
- Quick hit of terror often followed by trembling/difficulty breathing.
- Sudden and repeated attacks of fear
- A feeling of being out of control during a panic attack.
- An intense worry about when the next attack will happen.
- A fear or avoidance of places where panic attacks have occurred in the past.
- Pounding or racing heart, sweating, breathing problems, weakness or dizziness.
- Feeling hot or a cold chill, tingly or numb hands, chest pain, or stomach pain.
Social Anxiety Disorder
Intense fear in and of social interactions managed by avoidance.
- Anxious about being with other people and have a hard time talking to them.
- Self- conscious in front of other people and feel embarrassed.
- Afraid that other people will judge them.
- Worry for days or weeks before an event.
- Stay away from places where there are other people.
- Have a hard time making friends and keeping friends.
- Blush, sweat, or tremble around other people. Feel nauseous or sick to their stomach when with other people.
- A person with a specific phobia has a persistent and irrational fear of a particular object or situation. They may fear animals, places or people. Fear of the object or situation is so severe that a person may experience physical symptoms and panic attacks. Fears may include dogs, blood, storms, spiders or other objects or situations but, in all cases, the anxiety is both excessive and interfering.
- The adult phobia sufferer usually knows that their fear is excessive or unreasonable. However, their need to avoid the object, place or person can significantly restrict their life.
Why Anxiety Disorders Doesn’t Get Resolved On Time?
People with anxiety disorders sometimes quit their medications because of side
effects or not understanding their illness. Many times, individual experiences chronic anxiety due to uncertainties, day-to-day stressors of life and familial expectations. This raises the risk of serious symptoms returning, which can lead to a psychotic episode (in which someone loses touch with reality).
Anxiety disorders are typically treated with medication,
psychotherapy, or a combination of both. Mental health professionals typically recommend therapy as part of a combined approach to treatment, in adjunct to the medical treatment. Beyond treatment, we can help you build a regular routine, which includes sleep hygiene, regular exercise, mood charting, etc.
Lastly, we can also help in minimizing the disabling effects of the disorder, by constant monitoring, and catching early
warning signs through daily feedback calls. Long-term, continuous treatment can help people manage these symptoms.
Why Emoneeds And How We Help In Lasting Recovery?
- Living with anxiety disorder can be challenging, but there are ways to help make it easier for yourself, a friend, or a loved one. At Emoneeds, we support you in your journey to reduce your relapse and help you with lasting recovery.
- We have new and better treatment ideas to help patients recover better from the illness and also to prevent relapse, by providing them consistent support.
- We have tailor-made effective individual therapy sessions, cognitive remediation therapy program, family therapy and psychiatric consultations, in order to manage unwanted thoughts and changing unhelpful patterns of thinking and also to manage the underlying anxiety.
- Anxiety disorder is a lifelong illness, but long-term, ongoing treatment can help manage symptoms and enable you to live a healthy life.
- Be a part of tomorrow’s medical breakthroughs. Talk to your health care provider about the treatment options, their benefits and risks, and which one is right for you.